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Saturday, March 8, 2014

Boxing and Unboxing in C#.Net



In this article we will discuss about boxing and unboxing in C#.Net.

You can also check various posts on:

- Difference between Abstract Class and Interface in C#.Net

- Working with enterprise library for data access in asp.net Part-3

- How to give Tooltips in WPF in Asp.Net?

Boxing:
Boxing is the process of transforming a value type to a reference type. Basically, the runtime creates a temporary reference-type box for the object on the heap.

This can happen explicitly or implicitly.

Example:

int number = 20;
object objNumber = number;

Here integer number which is value type is converted to object type which is reference type.

Unboxing:
Unboxing is the reverse process. Unboxing is the process of transforming a reference type to a value type.

But the referece type should be previously boxed. Here the value of a previously boxed value
type is cast back to a value type. And it should be done explicitly.

Here is a point to remember while doing unboxing: A variable can be unboxed only if it has been boxed.

int number = 10;
object objNumber = number; // Box the int
int number1 = (int)objNumber; // Unbox it back into an int



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